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Reliquary theca with a relics of St. Venantius of Camerino, Martyr

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Reliquary theca with a relics of St. Venantius of Camerino, Martyr

Oval glass-fronted silvered brass pendant reliquary theca housing a precious first-class ex ossibus (of the bone) relic of Saint Venantius of Camerino, Martyr.  The relic is affixed to a ground of gold-colored silk, surrounded by silvered paper ornamentation, and identified in Latin on a manuscript cedula label as S. Venant. M. (Saint Venantius, Martyr). On the back, under a protective cap, the theca is secured with a seal of red Spanish wax bearing an imprint of a coat of arms of an unidentified Roman Catholic Bishop.

Saint Venantius of Camerino (also known as San Venanzio and Saint Wigand) (†251) is a Christian Martyr Saint who is venerated as the patron saint of Camerino and Raiano, Italy. Christian tradition holds that he was a 15-year-old who was tortured, and martyred by decapitation at Camerino during the persecutions of Decius. Before Venantius was killed, he was scourged, burned with flaming torches, hanged upside-down over a fire, had his teeth knocked out and his jaw broken, thrown to the lions, and tossed over a high cliff. Venantius was buried outside the city walls of Camerino, where a basilica was built in the fifth century. The cult of Venantius became popular: his image appeared on coins and in litanies; springs near the basilica, which were associated with the saint, were used by lepers and people with peptic ulcers to cure their afflictions. In the 17th century, Pope Clement X, who was a former bishop of Camerino, further contributed to the spread of his cult: he raised the saint's feast to the level of a double rite and composed hymns for Venantius' office. His Feast day is celebrated on 18 May.

Additional Info

  • ID#: 30-RSCR124-7
  • Size: 27 x 22 mm
  • Age: ca. 19th century
  • Origin: Italy
  • Materials: brass, glass, silk, silver, paper, Spanish wax
  • Price: $675
  • Orthodox Cross
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