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Fine Russian Icon - Christ Pantocrator in silver and enamel oklad revetment cover

A fancy Russian icon of Christ Pantocrator with heavy gilded silver, cloisonné, and champlevé enamel oklad revetment cover. The cover’s borders cast and chased with interlace ornament and the corners are applied with heavy spandrels decorated with foliate forms. The decoration of Christ’s cast and chased garments are unusual in that they include champlevé ornament at neck and cuffs. Similarly, the halo combines stippled and polished grounds in an unusual manner; the enameled foliate elements forming the rays of the halo are reserved against a stippled ground while the remainder of the nimbus is polished. The ground is engraved in a Byzantine-inspired pattern of crosses.

Silver Marks: Struck on underside and garments with maker’s marks ADLER, Moscow hallmarks dated 1878, and 84 (.875) silver standard. Secondary 84 marks and maker’s marks are struck on the spandrels. Provenance: Sotheby’s New York, Silver, vertu and Russian works of art, 18 October 2001, lot 6.

Christ Pantocrator refers to a specific depiction of Christ. The most common translation of Pantocrator is "Almighty" or "All-powerful". In this understanding, Pantocrator is a compound word formed from the Greek words for "all" and the noun "strength" (κρατος). This is often understood in terms of potential power; i.e., the ability to do anything, omnipotence. The iconic image of Christ Pantocrator was one of the first images of Christ developed in the Early Christian Church and remains a central icon of the Eastern Orthodox Church.

Additional Info

  • ID#: 68-SSI-15
  • Size: 13 1/8 x 11 1/8 in (33.5 x 28.3 cm)
  • Age: The icon, mid-19th century; the silver cover, ca. 1878
  • Origin: Moscow, Russia
  • Materials: Wood, gilded silver, enamel, oil on panel, velvet
  • Price: Price upon request
  • Silver
  • Orthodox Cross
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